Why Do Farms Have Roosters: Uncovering Their Key Roles

It’s so much fun incubating chicken eggs in an incubator, and hatching chicks. Raising chickens from birth is a wonderful on farm experience.

One problem we immediately discovered was that 50% of the chicks that hatched were roosters. Fine and dandy if you’re eating them, but we quickly ran into dominance problems.

That really made me question why do farms have roosters? Are they even worth having around? After all, hens don’t need roosters to lay eggs.

Those extra mouths to feed are also aggravating the ladies!

Roosters are a familiar sight on many farms, often recognized by their striking appearance and early morning crows.

Beyond their iconic status, roosters play a crucial role in the management of a chicken flock. While you don’t need a whole lot, a rooster brings certain benefits to the barnyard.

The number one reason to keep a rooster is protection of the flock. Have you ever seen an aggressive one?

Roosters often serve as protectors, watching for potential threats from predators and alerting the hens. They can even help to maintain peace within the flock by breaking up conflicts among hens.

Reason number 2 is that roosters are involved in the breeding process.

If farmers are interested in naturally expanding their flock, a rooster is necessary to fertilize the eggs that hens lay. The fertilized eggs can then be incubated to hatch into chicks, thus continuing the cycle of farm life.

This is key for the future sustainability of the poultry population on the farm.

Role of Roosters in Farms

Roosters play valuable roles on farms that range from acting as living alarms to enhancing flock dynamics. While they are not necessary for hens to lay eggs, they provide entertainment.

Natural Alarm Clocks

Your rooster’s crow signals the start of a new day, usually at dawn.

This distinctive call is not just the soundtrack of the countryside but also serves as a natural timekeeper for the farm’s daily routines.

Our current rooster has a creaky crow! He tries with all his might. He isn’t the best alarm clock right now.

I don’t know if his ‘crower’ got hurt during a fight with another rooster or what happened. At one point we had 6 roosters in our coop, with 18 hens.

They constantly fought, and actually will try to hurt the others throat so they cant crow.

  • Dawn Alert: Rooster’s crow at first light.
  • Consistency: Tend to crow at similar times each day.

Flock Protection

Roosters are vigilant guardians, always on the lookout for potential threats. They sound the alarm if predators are near, helping to keep your hens safer.

In my opinion, this makes a rooster worth the effort. Coyotes and other predators can quickly kill a flock, and a rooster will help protect against that.

  • Surveillance: Constant vigilance for predators.
  • Defense: Will physically challenge threats to the hens.

A rooster will sometimes see you as a challenge to his authority. There are times a timely swat with a broom will show him that you are still top of the flock.


Especially with heritage breeds, roosters are essential for the future of a flock. They ensure the fertilization of eggs, which leads to the hatching of new chicks.

If you want to be able to incubate fertilized eggs, you need a fertile rooster.

  • Fertilization: Mating with hens to produce fertile eggs.
  • Lineage: Introducing new genetic traits to strengthen the flock.

Social Structure

Roosters help establish a pecking order, which maintains harmony within the flock. Their presence can reduce conflicts and encourage natural behavior among hens.

  • Leadership: Dominant roosters take charge of the flock.
  • Harmony: Their oversight can help minimize hen conflicts.

Roosters offer a range of advantages to farms, from pest control to the fertilization of eggs. They, however, bring their own set of challenges, such as aggressive behavior and noise issues.

Benefits of Roosters

Pest Control

Your farm benefits from roosters as they help control pests by eating various insects.

This reduces the need for chemical pesticides on the farm.

Fertilization of Eggs

A primary role for roosters on your farm is to fertilize eggs.

Fertilized eggs are needed if you’re raising chickens for reproduction and selling chicks.


Roosters are the first to sound the alarm if something is off.

They seem to be on constant alert for anything that will challenge their authority. This makes them great protectors.

Problems With Having A Rooster on Farm

Aggressive Behavior

Roosters can be protective of their flock, which sometimes translates into aggressive behavior towards other animals or people, potentially causing injuries.

Noise Considerations

The iconic crow of a rooster is a natural alarm clock, but it can be a noise concern for you and your neighbors, especially in the early morning hours.


A rooster can mate up to 40 times a day! That’s a lot of wear on the hens.

We have several hens that have completely bare backs from being overbred.

This can be a problem if your ratio of hens to roosters is off. As a rule, you can keep 1 rooster for every 8 hens.

Roosters on the farm can be annoying, especially if you have one that attacks your kids (Or you).

But they can help be an alarm clock for you in the morning, and they sound the alarm for your hens when there is danger around. Every farm needs at least one rooster.