How Long Does Garlic Take to Grow?

Garlic is one of the herbs that can be used in a variety of dishes, from soups and stews to sauces and marinades. Not only is it a delicious, garlic is a superfood to your health.

Having the ability the grow your own garlic gives you the ability to control how the its grown, without the use of pesticides and fertilizers.

The more I learn about commercially grown food, the less appealing it becomes. The affect of chemicals on our health is only just being seen.

Interested in growing your own garlic? You may be wondering how long it takes for garlic to grow.

The answer isn’t black and white, and depends a number of factors, including the variety of garlic you’re growing, the climate in which you live, and the growing conditions you provide.

Generally speaking, it takes about 6 to 8 months for garlic to grow from planting to harvest. However, this timeline can vary depending on the variety of garlic you’re growing, as well as the climate in which you growing.

Some varieties may take a bit longer to mature, while others may mature more quickly. The climate in which you live has a big impact on how quickly your garlic grows.

In colder climates, garlic may take longer to mature than it would in warmer climates.

Garlic Growth Fundamentals

Garlic is a popular crop that can be grown in a variety of conditions. Understanding the growth cycle of garlic and providing optimal growing conditions can help ensure a successful harvest.

Understanding Garlic Growth Cycles

There are three stages in garlic growth: vegetative, bulbing, and maturation.

During the vegetative stage, garlic will produce leaves and roots.

The bulbing stage is when the garlic begins to form bulbs, and the maturation stage is when the garlic bulbs are fully developed and ready for harvest.

The length of each stage can vary depending on factors such as temperature and variety.

On average, the vegetative stage lasts around 30-40 days, the bulbing stage lasts around 30-50 days, and the maturation stage lasts around 20-30 days.

Optimal Conditions for Garlic Growth

Garlic prefers full sun, but can also tolerate partial shade.

Garlic should be planted in the fall, typically between September and November, depending on your location.

The cloves should be planted with the pointed end facing up, about 2-3 inches deep and 6 inches apart.

We live in Zone 3, and plant garlic in late September. The warmer your climate, the later you can plant them. You want to plant them about 4-6 weeks before the ground freezes.

Garlic requires consistent moisture, but overwatering can lead to disease.

Mulching can help retain moisture and suppress weeds. Fertilization is also important for garlic growth, with nitrogen being the most important nutrient. Well composted manure is a great fertilizer.

In conclusion, understanding the growth cycle of garlic and providing optimal growing conditions can help ensure a successful harvest.

With the right care and attention, garlic can be a rewarding crop to grow.

Planting and Cultivation

Choosing the Right Garlic Variety

When it comes to growing garlic, choosing the right variety is important.

There are two main types of garlic: hardneck and softneck. Hardneck garlic is known for its strong flavor, while softneck garlic is milder and easier to braid.

Some popular hardneck varieties include Rocambole, Purple Stripe, and Porcelain, while popular softneck varieties include Silverskin and Artichoke. I planted Russian Red Garlic, which is a form of Purple Stripe.

Consider your climate and taste preferences when selecting which variety to plant.

Soil Preparation and Planting Techniques

Garlic grows best in well-draining soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0.

Begin by preparing your soil in the fall by adding organic matter, such as compost or aged manure. Rake to smooth out your planting bed.

Next, separate the garlic bulbs into individual cloves and plant them 2-3 inches deep, pointed end up, and 6-8 inches apart in rows. Cover with soil and water well.

To help protect the bulbs, layer a generous layer of mulch over the planted bulbs. This also helps the bed retain moisture and prevents weeds. I use straw, but you could also use leaves.

It’s important to keep the garlic bed weed-free and well-watered.

In the spring, remove any scapes (the flower stalk that emerges from the garlic plant) to encourage bulb growth. Scapes can be used in your cooking in place of garlic. They make a great garlic scape pesto.

Harvest garlic when the bottom 4 leaves begin to yellow, and the top ones are still green, typically in mid to late summer.

You don’t want to harvest too early, as the skin will be very thick, and difficult to dry. The cloves splitting becomes a problem if you wait too long to harvest, so keep an eye out for them.

You can also check the bulbs by digging a small section of soil around the plant and inspecting the bulb’s size and shape. The bulbs should be full and plump, with tightly closed cloves.

Brush off any excess soil and trim the roots to about an inch in length. Be sure to handle the garlic bulbs carefully to avoid bruising or damaging them.

Allow the bulbs to dry in a warm, dry and airy place for a few weeks before storing. Place them out of direct sunlight while curing.

Ideal curing conditions are around 60-70°F with low humidity.

Improperly dried garlic doesn’t store well, so if you notice some that are too green, use them first.

Growth Timeline

From Planting to Sprouting

Garlic is a slow-growing crop that requires patience and attention. After planting garlic cloves in the soil, it typically takes 7-10 days for the first signs of sprouting to appear.

The exact timing may vary depending on factors such as soil temperature, moisture, and quality of the cloves.

Common Challenges and Solutions

Pest and Disease Management

Garlic is susceptible to various pests and diseases, which can set back its growth and reduce yield. Some common pests that attack garlic include aphids, thrips, and nematodes.

Diseases like white rot, rust, and fusarium can also be a potential problem.

To manage pests and diseases, it is important to practice good crop rotation and maintain proper soil health. Removing affected plants is also a proactive practice in preventing disease.

Weather-Related Growth Issues

Garlic requires a specific set of environmental conditions to grow properly. Extreme weather conditions such as drought, excessive rainfall, or high temperatures can negatively impact garlic growth.

To mitigate weather-related growth issues, it is important to choose the right garlic variety for your climate and soil type.

Talk to your local gardeners to see which variety of garlic grows well in your area.

Providing enough water and mulching will also help regulate soil moisture levels and prevent water stress.

Garlic isn’t a short season crop, but can still be grown in Zones 2 and 3. It takes anywhere from 6-8 months to grow, but because it is planted in late fall, you can still enjoy home grown garlic.